Waste Management

World Cleanup Day - Rubbish being picked up

World Cleanup Day - Police officers picking up rubbish

World Cleanup Day - Rubbish collected

Keep Vanuatu clean

The Detailed Action Plan of Priority Activities of WG in 2019

The Detailed Action Plan of Priority Activities of WG in 2020

Final evaluation report of NWMPCS 2016-2020

Our waste is our responsibility (Toti emi business blo Yumi everi wan):

  • Always cover and put your waste in locations beyond the reach of dogs.
  • Know your specific day and time of your rubbish collection
  • Contact the Municipal council if your waste is not collected
  • Always carry a litterbag in your car. It can help serve a reminder to be more responsible
  • Make and use compost using organic waste from your house
  • Avoid using disposal items like cloth diapers and paper plates.
  • Use your consumer power and own island baskets and say no to plastic bags.
  • Talk to your children about roadside rubbish and indiscriminate dumping. If you see it report it to the Port Vila Municipality
  • If you or the private collectors transporting loose wastes to the dump area, ensure the waste are covered /weighed to avoid the waste being blown out.

Waste Definition

Wastes are items we (individuals, offices, schools, industries, hospitals) don’t need and discard. Sometimes there are things we have that the law requires us to discard because they can be harmful.

Waste comes in infinite sizes - some can be as small as an old toothbrush, or as large as the body of a school bus.

Effects of wastes

Effects of wastes Explanation Examples
Environmental -
  • Surface water contamination
  • Soil contamination
  • Pollution
  • Leachate
Economical -
  • Municipal wellbeing
  • Recycling revenue

Types of wastes

Types of wastes Explanation Examples
Liquid It includes point source and non-point source discharges such as storm water and waste water.
  • Wash water from homes
  • Liquids used for cleaning in industries
  • Waste detergents
Solid Is any garbage, refuse or rubbish that we make in our homes and other places. 
  • Old car tyres
  • Old newspapers
  • Broken furniture
  • Food waste
  • Any waste that is non-liquid
Hazardous Hazardous or harmful wastes are those that potentially threaten public health or the environment. Such waste could be inflammable (can easily catch fire), reactive (can easily explode), corrosive (can easily eat through metal) or toxic (poisonous to humans and animals)
  • Fire extinguishers
  • Old propane tanks
  • Pesticides
  • Mercury-containing equipment (e.g. thermostats)
  • Lamps (e.g. fluorescent bulbs)
  • batteries
Organic Organic waste comes from plants or animals sources. They are biodegradable (this means they are easily broken down by other organisms over time and turned into manure). Many people turn their organic waste into compost and use them in their gardens.
  • Food waste
  • Fruit and vegetable peels
  • Flower trimmings
Recyclable Waste that can be potentially recycled
  • Aluminum products (like soda, milk and tomato cans)
  • Plastics (grocery shopping bags, plastic bottles)
  • Glass products (like wine and beer bottles, broken glass)
  • Paper products (used envelopes, newspapers and magazines, cardboard boxes)

Sources of wastes

Sources of wastesExplanationExamples

Municipal This includes trash or garbage from households, schools, offices, market places, restaurants and other public places.
  • Food debris
  • Used plastic bags
  • Soda cans
  • Plastic water bottles
  • Broken furniture
  • Grass clippings
  • Product packaging
  • Broken home
  • appliances Clothing
Medical/Clinical Medical/clinical waste normally refers to waste produced from health care facilities, such as hospitals, clinics, surgical theatres, veterinary hospitals and labs.
  • Surgical items
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Blood
  • Body parts
  • Wound dressing materials
  • Needles and syringes
Agricultural This is waste generated by agricultural activities. These include horticulture, fruit growing, seed growing, livestock breeding, market gardens and seedling nurseries.
  • Empty pesticide containers
  • Old silage wrap
  • Out of date medicines and wormers
  • Used tires
  • Surplus milk
  • Cocoa pods
  • Coconut husks
End-of-life Automobiles This includes old cars which are not working again
  • Old cars
Industrial These include manufacturing companies and industries

Manufacturing industries for:

  • glass
  • leather,  
  • Textile
  • Food
  • Electronics
  • Plastic
  • Metal products
Construction/demolition Constructing waste is that resulting from the construction of roads and building. Sometimes old buildings and structures are pulled down (demolished) to make space for new ones.  This is particularly common in old cities that are modernizing.  This is called demolition waste
  • Concrete debris
  • Wood earth
  • Huge package boxes
  • Plastics from the building materials
Electronic This is waste from electronic and electrical devices.  These are also called e-waste.
  • DVD and music players
  • TV Telephones
  • Computers
  • Vacuum cleaners
  • Other electrical stuff

Treatment of wastes

Treatment of wastes Explanation Examples
Incineration This simply means burning waste.  This method is common in countries with limited landfill space.  Incineration chambers
  • Incinerators for treating hospital wastes and quarantine wastes
Sanitary Landfill This means a large piece of land away from living spaces where all the waste from a town is deposited.
  • Bouffa Landfill in Port Vila
Recycling Recycling is processing used materials (waste) into new, useful products.  This is done to reduce the use of raw materials that would have been used. Recycling also uses less energy and a great way of controlling air, water and land pollution
  • Plastic Paper Aluminium cans glass
Composting With the right conditions (air and moisture), organic waste such as food and plant materials can be decomposed by bacteria, fungi, worms and organisms. Decayed organic matter is humus. Yard waste such as grass and flower clippings can also be composted.
  • Food and plant materials

Contact Us

Port Vila Office

Ministry of Climate Change Adaptation,
Meteorology & Geo-Hazards, Environment,
Energy and Disaster Management compound, Nambatu
PMB 9063, Port Vila
Phone: (678) 25302 | 33430

Luganville Office

Sanma Provincial Government Council,
PMB 239,

Location of DEPC Office

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